In the absence of a government based on taqwa, it should be understood that the relationship between the rulers and the ruled is almost always adversarial to some extent, and they are in a continuous state of struggle over conflicting interests.
Democratization means any process by which power is made responsive to the will of the population.
The maximum penalty that can be imposed on a democratically elected government for not serving the interests of the electorate, is simply to not be re-elected. This is a consequence that is too insignificant and too delayed to have any effect at all on political accountability.
The traditional democratic model has always been ineffective, and I don’t think we should mourn the fact that it has become obsolete.
When power was in the hands of government, our recourse through the political system was extremely inadequate anyway. However, now that power is blatantly in the hands of business, imposing accountability is much easier, though it must necessarily take place beyond the framework of any political system or formal process. Power operates beyond such a system and process, and so, its democratization must also be carried out through an improvised method.
Power today is more exposed and accessible than ever before, you just have to identify what and where it is, and understand what it responds to.